Formula 1 Drivers Practice - Pre-Season Testing

The world of Formula 1 cars racing is synonymous with speed, power, and high-tech machines. With some of the most advanced engineering and design techniques in the world, Formula 1 cars are capable of reaching incredible speeds and performing incredible feats of agility.

But have you ever wondered what an F1 Car Weight is? In the high-stakes world of motorsports, even the slightest weight difference can mean the difference between victory and defeat. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the weight of these incredible machines, and explore the impact that weight has on their performance and racing success.

From the engines to the tires, we’ll delve into the details of Formula 1 car design and discover the secrets behind their incredible speed and agility.

So buckle up and get ready to explore the fascinating world of Formula 1 racing!

F1 Car are Much Heavier Than You Think

F1 Car Weight - Daniel Ricardo Red bull

The FIA, the governing body of Formula 1, sets a minimum weight limit. This is a non negotiable value for the cars that teams have to follow. This limit is intended to ensure fair competition and prevent teams from making their cars too light. This would give them an unfair advantage.

The minimum weight limit for 2023 is 798 kg (1,759 lbs.). The value includes the driver, the car and the dry-weather tires, but not the fuel. This limit was increased by 3 kg from the original 795 kg limit that teams struggled to meet. 

The FIA also plans to reduce the weight by 2 kg in 2024. This plan was scrapped to accommodate heavier tires and new electronic devices in the car.

The minimum weight limit is measured after the race, when the car has used most of its fuel. The fuel capacity of a Formula 1 car is 110 kg. At the race start with a full fuel load, the car will weigh at least 908 kg (2,002 lbs.).

Assuming it meets the minimum weight limit. Teams may choose to run with less than 110 kg of fuel depending on the track and their strategy.

There is no upper limit for the weight of a Formula 1 car. It is however undesirable to be overweight. Increasing the weight makes the car slower, as it reduces acceleration, top speed and cornering ability. Teams aim to get as close to the minimum weight limit as possible, or even below it if they can.

F1 Car Weight – Ballast

F1 Car Weight - Ballast

If a car is under the weight limit, teams add extra weight to it in the form of ballast. Ballast is usually made of tungsten or steel. It can be placed anywhere on the car to improve its balance and handling. 

For example, ballast can be added to the front or rear of the car to adjust its weight distribution, or to the bottom of the car to lower its center of gravity.

Ballast can also be used to compensate for heavier drivers, who may otherwise be at a disadvantage compared to lighter drivers. 

Until 2019, the driver’s weight was not included in the minimum weight limit, meaning that heavier drivers had less ballast to play with and had to compromise on performance or comfort. 

However, since 2019, the FIA has introduced a separate minimum weight limit for the driver and his seat of 80 kg (176 lbs.), which means that heavier drivers are no longer penalized and lighter drivers have to add ballast to their seat.

Innovations To Reduce How Much F1 Car Weight

Teams are constantly looking for ways to reduce the weight of their cars and gain an edge over their rivals. They use lightweight materials such as carbon fiber, titanium and magnesium to construct their chassis, bodywork and components. 

They also try to optimize every part of their car for efficiency and performance, minimizing any unnecessary or redundant elements.

However, there are some factors that limit how much teams can reduce their car’s weight. One factor is safety:

Formula 1 cars have to comply with strict safety standards and regulations that require them to have certain features such as crash structures, roll bars, fire extinguishers and halo devices. These features add weight to the car but are essential for protecting the driver in case of an accident.

Another factor is reliability: Formula 1 cars have to endure high stresses and strains during a race weekend, which can cause parts to fail or wear out. 

Teams have to balance between making their cars light and making them durable enough to last a race distance without breaking down or losing performance.


Formula 1 cars are among the lightest racing cars in the world, but they are not as light as they could be due to various factors such as safety, reliability and regulations. The FIA sets a minimum weight limit for Formula 1.



By Jonny Noble

ABOUT THE AUTHOR - Jonny Noble I’m a dedicated F1 Writer – and I’ve Been One for Over Four Decades, I’ve been intimately immersed in the world of Formula One for more than 44 years. That’s longer than most professional commentators can boast! As an independent writer, I offer a unique perspective on the entire F1 landscape, free from biases that might cloud the discussion. We dive deep into the exhilarating, frustrating, and captivating facets of the F1 universe. So, regardless of my amateur status, one thing is undeniable: four decades of dedicated F1 fandom have forged strong opinions worth exploring!